Latest Posts

Bird Watching Course

Bird Watching Course 

Have you ever found yourself going out of your way, to catch a glimpse of that bird that flew away,before you could completely grasp,how beautiful it was ! Enamored you followed its bird song to get another fleeting glimpse of that winged beauty. Don't you wish you knew much more about it. The name? , is it migratory?, nest type , was it male/female and so on. Wait know more! This course which you can do from the comfort of your PC itself.It is tailored specifically for people like you and me ! See you in the online classroom buddy.Happy birding.
Note : The information below is sourced from . Please visit their website to discover more.
Bombay Natural History Society , a pan-India wildlife research organization, has been promoting the cause of nature conservation for the past 131 years, since 1883.



Basic Course in Ornithology 100 (Online) 2014-15

What is BCO 100 - Online?

The Basic Course in Ornithology (BCO 100) is a revised online version of the previous correspondence course- Distance Learning in Basic Ornithology. It is a hybrid course with online (asynchronous) and face to face (synchronous) activities interwoven through the course work. The course content is developed by subject matter experts (SMEs). The synchronous activities include online chat sessions with SMEs and field trips. The asynchronous activities include online learning through range of weekly assignments.
What are the benefits?
On successful completion students will receive a certificate in BCO 100 with appropriate grades. Also as the name suggests, the course will develop basic skills required for Ornithologist among the students. The students will gain required knowledge through the chapters, online discussions and field activities. They will get opportunities to interact with SMEs and learn about their works. As an outcome of the course, each student will carry out documentation of local bird fauna which results into a compilation of scientific publication. Lastly as a group, the students will develop expertise in bird studies which will be useful in taking up bigger challenges for studying birds with respect to their life history, behavior, ecology and also contribute to the ongoing Ornithological researches carried across the country.
Who should enroll?
Anyone with an interest to learn about birds and its conservation are eligible to apply. There are three types of learners; Academic, Professional and Life-long, check out which category do you belong? The basic qualification is S.S.C. with or without science background. Other requirements include proficiency in computer operation and internet browsing, willing to dedicate minimum 2 hours every day for the course work. Take a test to know if you could be a Distant Learner:
What is the course syllabus?
The course includes 12 chapters on following topics. The chapters are illustrated and written in simple English. Each chapter is of 30-35 pages.
  1. Introduction
  2. Classification and Anatomy
  3. Bird Adaptation
  4. Food and Diet
  5. Woodland Birds
  6. Breeding Biology
  7. Grassland Birds
  8. Bird Migration
  9. Water Birds
10. Threatened Birds of India
11. Birds of Prey
12. Bird Conservation
What is the course schedule?
The course duration is one year (start date: 1 June 2014 end date: 31 May 2015). The monthly online assignments start on first working day of every month. The monthly field activities are usually held on Sundays if it is day trip or weekends in case of overnight camps. The calendar of events will be made available upon registration.
What is the course delivery?
As a course management system- Lore features will be used which is like Facebook and also Google apps. Student should have access to computer, internet with audio-video facilities and also own a digital camera. In order to orient the students, an overnight course orientation camp will be held at the beginning of the course and a wrap-up camp at the end of the course.
What are the course deliverables?
The details of the assignments are given below:
Text Reading: Every month one chapter will be made available online for students to read. If required, students can take a print out of the desired chapters.
Presentations: Every month subject specific PowerPoint presentations will be made available online. Students are expected to access it as and when possible during the specified period. These presentations could be downloaded by students.
Local Day Trips: There are 8 day-trips planned throughout the year. Students are expected to attend 5 trips on compulsorily basis to receive full grades. After each trip a brief report need to be submitted. The format of the report will be provided, if required. Outstation students have a facility to do the day trip at a forest patch nearby their place.  However they need to submit the report for the same.
Field Camps: There are 5 camps organized throughout the year. Out of five camps students are expected to attend 3 camps on compulsorily basis to receive full grades. In these three camps students are expected to attend the Inaugural camp on compulsorily basis. In case of the other two camps students also have facility of attending BNHS membership camps as per their convenience and choice. For attending these camps, BNHS membership is required. A camp report must be submitted after each camp attended. The format of the report will be provided, if required.
Field Camp Destinations: Point Claimer, Keoladeo National Park, Bhigwan, Thattekad
Image Sharing: Students are encouraged to carry out photo documentation of their field trips and camps. We have sessions wherein students can share their images with other students. The SMEs will identify 10 images and everyone will have access to the image folders.
Favorite Ornithological News: In order to keep the group abreast of development on ornithology across the globe, every month it is expected every student chooses his/her favorite e-news and share it with others. There are 11 assignments of which only 10 are compulsory to receive full grades.
Online Activities: In order to keep yourself updated with research work in the field of ornithology, you are expected to refer to scientific papers online and submit your note. There are 10 written assignments of which only 5 are compulsory to receive full grades. Besides, there are several other online activities which are not graded.
SME Chats: As per the subject, 5 chat sessions with the SME are planned throughout the year. Attending all 5 sessions is compulsory for receiving full grades. The chats will be planned as per the availability of SMEs.
Celebration of Eco-Days: In order to be a part of conservation the students are encouraged to carry awareness within their localities, we have planned celebration of 6 eco-days. Students can choose any five days to celebrate and spread awareness about our endangered feathered friends.
Final Project: The outcome of the course experience is to study local bird diversity. Each student is expected to study their local bird fauna and contribute to a scientific publication. This is a yearlong project and there are deliverables every month.
What is the grading structure?
The course is of 25 credits (30 hours= 1 credit). The grading structure for the assignments is given below:
  • Field Trips & Camps: 50 points
  • Final Project: 25 points
  • Chat Sessions: 5 points
  • Online Activities: 5 points
  • Weekly E-News: 5 points
  • Eco Day Celebration: 10 points
Based on the aggregate points, students may receive grades ranging from “A” to “D”. There is no final exam at the end of the course. Students who are unable to fulfill the course requirements may not receive their certificates.
What is the course fee structure?
The tuition fee is Rs. 9,990/-. The fee includes course orientation camp at CEC and day trips in and around Mumbai. Transport, wrap-up and outstation camps are not included.
Who is managing this course?
Ms. Priti Choghale is the Course Co-ordinator. The course will be run with help of the SMEs within and outside BNHS.
How to Register?
The course enrollment form could be downloaded from the BNHS website or could be requested from Send your completed electronic forms to Ms. Priti Choghale on and send your payments either electronically or by mail.
*By mail: Mark your envelope with “BCO 100” and send your payment cheque favoring “ Bombay Natural History Society” to following address: “Bombay Natural History Society, Conservation Education Center, Near FilmCity, Goregaon (East), Mumbai - 400065. Telephone: 9594929107 / 9594929107.
*Through Online Banking: Transfer Rs. 9,990/- electronically to BNHS account (SB 10473844805) and inform us immediately.


Farhan Akhtar Skydives

A REEL to REAL life moment …

when Producer, actor and singer Farhan Akhtar was lately spotted skydiving with his wife Adhuna. For fans of Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara ,an uncanny resemblance took place ,when Farhan was ushered into sky diving by the same company which arranged the sky diving scene in the famous movie.

After shooting the skydiving scene in 'Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara', Farhan posted on Twitter that he would love to feel the thrill again.



Farhan Akhtar kicked off the skydiving event at the Aamby Valley hill city.


Skimboarding : Introduction

Skimboarding (or skimming) is a boardsport in which a skimboard (much like a surfboard but smaller and without fins) is used to glide across the water's surface to meet an incoming, breaking wave Shorebreak, and ride it back to shore. Wave-riding skimboarders perform a variety of surface and air maneuvers, at various stages of their ride, out to, and back with, the wave. Some of these are known as "wraps," "big spins," "360 shove-its" and "180s." Unlike surfing, skimboarding begins on the beach by dropping the board onto the thin wash of previous waves. 
More at Wikipedia

How to Skimboard ?


Read detailed article on techniques of skimboarding for beginners at Outdoor board sports and wiki how

Sport Climbing : Introduction

Sport climbing is a form of rock climbing that relies on permanent anchors fixed to the rock, and possibly bolts, for protection. In contrast, in traditional climbing the rock is typically devoid of fixed anchors and bolts and climbers must place removable protection as they climb. Since the need to place protection is virtually eliminated, sport climbing places an emphasis on gymnastic-like ability, strength, and endurance, whereas traditional climbing emphasizes adventure, risk and self-sufficiency. Read more at Wikipedia


There are 3 formats to the sport:

a)     Lead Climbing: which tests how far one can climb.
b)     Speed Climbing: which tests how fast one can climb.
c)     Bouldering: which test how difficult a route one can climb.

What's Luge? An Indian Olympic Hero answers

What is Luge?

 Luge is a winter sport featured at the Winter Olympic Games where a competitor or two-person team rides a flat sled while lying face up and feet first. The sport is usually contested on a specially designed ice track that allows gravity to increase the sled's speed. The winner normally completes the route with the fastest overall time. It was first contested at the 1964 Winter Olympics, with both men's and women's events and a doubles event. From 1964 to 2010, doubles was technically considered a mixed event, but it was almost always competed by a team of two men. Starting in 2014, the doubles event will become a men's only event due to the introduction of the team relay. German lugers,have dominated the competition, winning 75 medals in 43 events.


 How luge works?

India in Olympian Luge

Shiva Keshavan (born August 25, 1981) is a five time Olympian and the first Indian representative to compete in luge at the Winter Olympic Games. He set a new Asian speed record at 134.3 km/h (83.5 mph) after beating the previous record of 131.9 km/h (82.0 mph) and won gold medal in Asia Cup 2011 at Nagano in Japan. In 2012, he set a new Asian track record at 49.590 seconds.


Keshavan picked up luge when he was selected at a training camp in Himachal at the age of 15.[1] Keshavan won the Junior National Ski Championship in 1995 at the age of 14. He attended a luge camp conducted by world champion Günther Lemmerer. Keshavan was selected as a promising young athlete and went on to become the youngest person to ever officially qualify for the Olympic Games in luge. He was offered to represent Italy in 2002, but refused. In 2014, Keshavan walked as an Independent Olympic Participant at the Winter Olympics opening ceremony in Sochi due to the suspension of the Indian Olympic Association. However, later on during the Sochi Winter Olympics, Indian Olympic Association made a comeback as a recognized country by the International Olympic Committee resulting in Keshavan competing under the Indian flag.
In November 2014, Keshavan collaborated with Duncan Kennedy to train for 2018 PyeongChang Winter Olympics. Duncan will act as Keshavan’s personal coach while leveraging his technical expertise to improve Keshavan’s sled.

Shiva Keshavan: The Winter Olympic hero India doesn't deserve

Sandboarding :Introduction

Sandboarding is a board sport similar to snowboarding. It is a recreational activity that takes place on sand dunes rather than snow-covered mountains. This boardsport has adherents throughout the world, most prevalently in desert areas or coastal areas with beach dunes.
It involves riding across or down a dune while standing with both feet strapped to a board, though some sandboarders use a board without bindings. It is less popular than snowboarding, partly because it is very difficult to build a mechanised ski lift on a sand dune, and so participants generally must walk back up to the top. Alternatively, they may ride a dune buggy or all-terrain vehicle back to the top of the dune. On the other hand, dunes are normally available year-round as opposed to ski resorts, which are usually seasonal. Read More at Wikipedia how to Sandboard here at  >

Russia is arming commandos with combat snowmobiles — to take over the North Pole?

iStock_000005924960_LargeRussia is arming commandos with combat snowmobiles — to take over the North Pole?
Russian military is working on an air-dropped snowmobile for its paratroopers. No, it's not a scene from a James Bond movie.
Earlier this year, Col. Gen. Vladimir Shamanov — Russia's airborne forces chief — ordered the development of "airborne snowmobiles" after a visit to the northern Yaroslavl region.
"Airborne snowmobile flies, shoots, and keeps the driver warm," Shamanov said according to the newspaper Komsolskaya Pravda.
What Shamanov is talking about is an ordinary Taiga-551 snowmobile dropped from the back of an airplane. The vehicle weighs about 705 pounds and powers itself with a liquid-cooled 65-horsepower engine.
1 0h0FYum-dD2jm7QZ1I6dzw
Above — Russian airborne forces commander Col. Gen. Vladimir Shamanov, in blue coat, inspects the Taiga-551 snowmobile. Yaroslavl regional government/Russian Internet photo. At top — the Taiga-551. Photo via Russian Internet
Once on the ground, Russian troops could speed along at 62 miles per hour — at most — with the vehicle's 14.5-gallon fuel tank.

Even better, it has heated handles. The Russkaya Mekhanika plant in Rybinsk — which has a deal with the Russian defense ministry to build the snowmobiles during the next two years — is also adding some modifications.
"First, this snowmobile has an armored fuel tank like those on combat helicopters," designer Andrey Zhogin told the paper. "If shot through, it 'self-heals.' Second, it has a special cooling system that prevents the engine from overheating."

The hard part is modifying it to be dropped from a helicopter or airplane — something the plant's manager said they're working on. But the designers have already added mounts for a machine gun or a grenade launcher, which means Russia’s snowmobile force can shoot at … somebody.

Mid fall rescue of a sky diver

Video of unconscious skydiver rescued ,during seizure

Christopher Jones called it, “possibly the scariest moment of my life,” and now the Internet is experiencing the nail-biting 30 seconds on YouTube, recorded on a helmet-mounted camera.

Three months ago while jumping during an Accelerated Free Fall training program Jones suffered a seizure at 9000 feet before he had opened his parachute.
”I then spend the next 30 seconds in free fall unconscious,” wrote the 22 year old from Perth who uploaded the video to YouTube on Sunday.
Skydive master Sheldon McFarlane said he noticed Mr Jones was in trouble, but did not realise he was suffering a seizure.
He said he knew Mr Jones' parachute would automatically deploy, but "given the circumstances" wanted to help.
"At no time was I worried he was going to hit the ground without a parachute, but given the circumstances and where we were I thought it would be better to get him under parachute earlier than later," Mr McFarlane said.
"I managed to catch him on my second attempt and deploy his parachute.
"As far as difficult, yeah, it was OK. I got him."
Skydiving instructor Sheldon McFarlane (pictured) managed to deploy the man's parachute during freefall. Photo: Skydiving instructor Sheldon McFarlane (pictured) managed to deploy the man's parachute during freefall. (ABC News: Nicolas Perpitch)
He said he thought Mr Jones might have been suffering from "sensory overload", and it was only when he got to the ground he realised what had happened.
He described the experience as "pretty out there".
"I've never seen anything like this before," he said.

Thankfully, at around 4000 feet, his jumpmaster, Sheldon McFarlane,  managed to catch up to him in the air and pull his ripcord. His conscious returned and he land safely back on the ground.

The training academy’s questionnaire specifically asked whether participants had illnesses or conditions such as epilepsy.

Desi  strongly emphasizes the need for safety .
We advise our readers not to assess risks inherent ,in any adventure sports ,casually and in a light manner .Please seek a professional opinion on whether that adventure sport is meant for you.Let’s live to enjoy another adventure.

Article sourced from Good news network and ABC.Please click the links to read more.

Freediving: Introduction

What is freediving?

Have you ever dreamed of passively exploring the underwater world free from equipment? Freediving is the most natural and serene way to explore the depths of the oceans with minimal impact. It is also the ultimate way to free yourself and spend more time enjoying the beauty and silence of the sea.
Anyone who has held their breath underwater has freedived. However, freediving is not simply about seeing how long you can hold your breath or how deep you can go on a single breath. You have to create the right attitude and pay attention to the limits of your body and mind. The true appeal of freediving is in the silence and calm it brings to people's hectic lives.
Source :


What happens to the body when you go deep? This infographic explains some of the physiological changes that the body goes through on a dive. But one thing it can't explain – and that's the feeling.
Says Will Trubridge: “I love freediving because it's an opportunity to escape from gravity, sound, light (if you go deep) and even the sensation of time passing. A deep freedive can be like a dream, in that all the rules of reality seem changed.”


AIDA International

Association Internationale pour le Développement de l'Apnée
AIDA is the Worldwide Federation for breath-hold diving, established in 1992. AIDA manages and oversees the recognition of records, organises competitions, and sets the standards for freedive education. Since 1993, AIDA International has officiated 230 Official World Records


Freediving Education

AIDA courses set the standard in international freediving education. The AIDA ladder supports your development as a freediver all the way from beginner to instructor level. You can enter the AIDA education ladder either at the * (Introductory) or ** (Foundation) level depending on how comfortable you feel in the water. The AIDA education ladder is about but building your skills for safe controlled freediving.
You can find more details at education section at this site.

Freediving as a sport

As well as the perfect way to relax at the weekend, freediving is an international competitive sport. Professional freedivers exploit the bodies' diving adaptations to go to depths of over 200m on a single breath. These diving reflexes help conserve oxygen by restricting the blood flow to your extremities conserving it for your vital organs.
Since 1992 AIDA have been organising freediving competitions around the world making the sport safer but as competitive as ever. Freediving competitions also bring the community of freedivers together where they can share their knowledge and experience with other likeminded people.

The world’s most amazing places to freedive 

Rishikesh rafting camps face Green tribunal's pollution charges

Rishikesh rafting camps face Green tribunal's pollution charges

The National Green Tribunal has sought the Centre's response on "unregulated" operation of rafting camps on the banks of Ganga from Shivpuri to Rishikesh in Uttarakhand

There are 150 rafting camps in Rishikesh. All are registered with Uttarakhand Tourism as well as the Forest Department. Since the camps are operated in rural areas, they do not come under the scrutiny of Municipal Corporation. The place hosts around two lakh tourists every weekend. Since there is no garbage management and disposal mechanism in place, it is up to the camp organisers to take care of the same. The common method used to dispose off garbage is to burn it.

During the hearing, the Uttarakhand government assured the bench that no new licences for camps would be issued.
The plea, was filed by Social Action for Forest and Environment (SAFE) SAFE is a Non Governmental Organization (NGO), established to serve the environment and society. Based in Greater Noida (Delhi NCR), safe work in the area of environmental conservation, rain water harvesting system , legal consult on Environmental issue , and also work to protected to River ,wetland and other water resources and working for protected to forest and green cover . Basically Safe taking legal initiatives for protect to environment , So safe and member of safe have filed such Public Interest Litigation (PIL) on Environmental Issues . So we are thinking Litigation is main tool with out provided ways to protect the environment in India . SAFE has been founded in 2013 by environment activist Vikrant Tongad with other activists.

Bollywood stars go rafting

The plea, filed by SAFE , claimed that the licences for river rafting camps were being awarded "indiscriminately" by the authorities on forest land without appreciating their carrying capacity.
"These camps are not only in violation of Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 but also the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 as well as the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 as it is leading to pollution of Ganga by discharging effluent, throwing of solid waste directly and adversely affecting the ecological integrity of the river system," the plea said.

The petition, filed through advocate Rahul Chowdhary, alleges that these camps, which are located and established as temporary sites, do not have adequate sewage and sanitation facilities and disturb the habitat of wild animals and "affect the peace, tranquility and serenity of the forest area".
"At the camp sites, the camp owners permit employees and the visitors to have food and alcohol. They leave empty bottles, cans, unconsumed food and waste including bones and filth in and around the camp site," the plea said.

NOTE: Please note that this article is sourced from Zee News website.Please click here to read more of the article there

You can as well help out by following these guidelines:
  • Litter free: carry all your trash (including toilet paper, unless you thoroughly burn it on the spot) to your campsite, lodge or hotel for proper disposal. if trekking with an agency, ask the employees to designate separate places for biodegradable and others (i.e.,  foil, batteries, bottles, tins, plastics, etc.). as fires are measured sacred, do not put garbage in the flames until the cooking is completed and forever inquire first.
  • Lady details: tampons and sanitary napkins should be enfolding well and packed out.
  • Toilet sites: confirm your trek operator provides a toilet tent, set up at least 50 meters (150 feet) away from any water source. or else, pick a spot away from water and religious places. bury all excreta. in the cities and en route, public toilets are hard to find so be discreet and keep away from holy places.
  • Biodegradable washing: when washing clothes or bathing near streams, make use of biodegradable soaps and a pan for rinsing.
  • Use established campsites: encourage your trekking employees to camp in established campsites and to leave no trace: no trash, no tent trenches, no fire pit, and a toilet pit filled in to look as it did earlier than digging.
  • Cook with kerosene: if you are camping, request that cooking be done on gas and kerosene, not wood. if you are stuck using wood, decrease the amount by using iodine to treat water rather than boiling it. select lodges that use kerosene or fuel efficient stoves, like the back boiler which heats water while food cooks. you can as well decrease firewood consumption by ordering the same food at the same time as others.
  • Solar heated showers: limit your hot showers to those heated by solar energy, by hydroelectricity or by the back boiler process.